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T-45 Goshawk

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T-45 Goshawk
A T-45 Goshawk landing aboard the USS Harry S. Truman
Type Naval carrier trainer aircraft
Manufacturers McDonnell Douglas/British Aerospace
Boeing/BAE Systems
Primary user United States Navy
Developed from BAE Hawk

The T-45 Goshawk is a highly modified version of the BAE Hawk land based training jet aircraft. Built by McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing), the T-45 is used by the United States Navy as a aircraft carrier capable trainer.


The T-45 Goshawk is a fully carrier-capable version of the Hawk Mk.60.[1][2] It was developed for the United States Navy for use in training. British Aerospace and McDonnell Douglas were awarded a contract for the T-45 in 1981. Numerous modifications were required by the Navy for carrier operations, including improvements to the low-speed handling characteristics and a reduction in the approach speed. The Goshawk first flew in 1989 and became operational in 1991. It features a two-wheel nose landing gear. The Goshawk was manufactured by McDonnell Douglas originally and later by Boeing.



Two-seat basic and advanced jet trainer for the US Navy.


Proposed land-based version for the US Navy, which would have been basically a conventional Hawk with a USN cockpit and no carrier capability. The USN had wanted the T-45B to get an earlier training capability, but abandoned the idea in 1984 in favor of less-costly updates to the TA-4 and T-2.


Improved T-45A with glass cockpit, inertial navigation, and other improvements. Existing T-45As are being upgraded to the T-45C standard.


Specifications (T-45A)

Data from The International Directiory of Military Aircraft, 2002-2003 .[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2: student, instructor
  • Length: 11.99 m (39 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.39 m (30 ft 10 intq)
  • Height: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 17.7 m² (190.1 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 4,460 kg (9,834 lb)
  • Useful load: kg (lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 6,387 kg (14,081 lb)
  • Powerplant:Rolls-Royce Adour F405-RR-401 turbofan, 26 kN (5,845 lbf)



  • Usually none. One hardpoint under each wing can be used to carry practice bomb racks, rocket pods, or fuel tanks.
For an explanation of the units and abbreviations in this list, please see Wikipedia:WikiProject Aircraft/Units key.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Donald, David: Warplanes of the Fleet, page 175. AIRtime Publishing Inc, 2004. ISBN 1-880588-81-1
  2. Frawley, Gerard: The International Directiory of Military Aircraft, page 48. Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd, 2002. ISBN 1-875671-55-2

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite.

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