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Cessna 195

From PlaneSpottingWorld, for aviation fans everywhere
Model 190 & 195
Type Light business aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company
Produced 1947-1954

The Cessna 190 and 195 are light single engine general aviation aircraft which were manufactured by Cessna between 1947 and 1954. The 195 model was also used by the United States Air Force as a light transport and utility aircraft under the designation LC-126.


The Cessna 190/195 aircraft were Cessna's only postwar radial-engine aircraft. The first prototype (named P-780) flew in 1945, after the end of World War II. The biggest difference between the 190 and the 195 models was the choice of engine. The 195 used a Jacobs R-755-A2 radial engine with around 300 hp or a Jacobs R-744-A2 with 245 hp, while the 190 used a Continental R-670-23 radial engine with 240 hp. The Cessna 195B model used a Jacobs R-755-B2 engine of 275 hp. Over 1,100 model 190s and 195s were made, and many are still flown today.

For most pilots, the aircraft was too expensive for private use. Therefore, they were sold mainly as a business aircraft, and thus they were called businessliners. The LC-126 military version was mainly used in Alaska and could be fitted with skis or floats.



A Cessna 195 in polished aluminum finish

This was the first Cessna airplane to be completely constructed of aluminum. The cantilever wing was one of Cessna's most prominent pre-war characteristics (see for example the classic C-34 and its variants), and is largely forgotten by a generation which is familiar with only the Cessna 172. The stout cantilever wing on the 190/195 reportedly has never suffered an in-flight failure. The 190/195 fuselages were large in comparison to other Cessna models because the 42" diameter radial engine had to be accommodated upfront. Standard passenger layout was: pilot and co-pilot on individual seats in the first row with comfortable space between seats, and up to three passengers on a bench seat in the second row. The wing planform (which used NACA 23012 contour designed by NACA in the 1930s to require the least tail balancing load) differed from subsequent Cessna light aircraft in that it had a straight taper from root chord to tip chord, and rounded tips installed. The main landing gear are flat spring steel, and most units incorporated free-swiveling main wheels meant to reduce the airplane's ground looping tendency.

Handling Characteristics

The large engine was impossible to see around when the tail was on the ground, so standard taxiing procedure was to weave back and forth while moving along the taxiway so that the pilot could catch intermittent glimpses of the area ahead. The ground looping tendency was considered more benign than planes which used flat engines because the radial engine is shorter (and therefore contributes less to the plane's moment of inertia). However, the slow-turning radial engine required a large-diameter propeller for which ground clearance had to be provided, and the resulting long main landing gear springs made every landing a significant event. The wing's airfoil gave a sharper stall break than the Clark Y and similar airfoils used in other Cessna aircraft.

Specifications (195)

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Capacity: 4 passengers
  • Length: 27 ft 4 in (8.33 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 2 in (11.02 m)
  • Height: ()
  • Empty weight: 2,050 lb (930 kg)
  • Powerplant:Jacobs R-755-A2 radial engine, 300 hp (225 kW)


See also

Comparable aircraft

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cessna 195".