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Northrop Grumman

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Northrop Grumman Corporation
Type Public (Template:Nyse)
Founded 1927 (in 1994, company took on current name), Denver, Colorado
Headquarters Los Angeles, California, USA
Key peopleRonald D. Sugar
(Chairman) & (CEO) [1]
Wesley G. Bush
(President) & (COO) [1]
James F. Palmer
(Vice President) & (CFO)
Area servedWorldwide
ProductsAircraft carriers
Military aircraft
Military vessels
Missile defense systems
Information Technology
Advanced electronic sensors and systems
RevenueTemplate:Profit US$ 32.018 billion (2007)[2]
Operating incomeTemplate:Profit US$ 3.006 billion (2007)[2]
Net incomeTemplate:Profit US$ 1.790 billion (2007)[2]
Employees122,600 (2008)

Northrop Grumman Corporation (Template:Nyse) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate resulting from the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. The company is the fourth largest defense contractor in the world,[3] and the largest builder of naval vessels. Northrop Grumman employs over 122,000 people worldwide.[4] Its 2007 annual revenue is reported at US$32 billion.[2] Northrop Grumman ranks #76 on the 2008 Fortune 500 list of U.S. industrial companies.[5]

Products and services


Northrop Grumman's many products are made by separate business units.

Newport News Shipbuilding manufactures all U.S. aircraft carriers, and is the only company capable of building Nimitz-class supercarriers. It is also one of only two companies capable of producing U.S. nuclear submarines. A separate sector, Northrop Grumman Ship Systems, produces amphibious assault ships and many other commercial and military craft, including icebreakers, tankers, and cargo ships. In a partnership with Science Applications International Corporation, Northrop Grumman provides naval engineering and architecture services as well as naval maintenance services.

In January 2008, Northrop Grumman combined its Newport News and Ship Systems sectors into a new business unit named Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding.[6]


Some of the most expensive vehicles in the world, such as the B-2 Spirit strategic bomber, are made by Northrop Grumman for the United States government.
File:BQM-74E launch.jpg
A BQM-74 Chukar unmanned aerial drone launches from a U.S. Navy vessel

Separate sectors, such as Integrated Systems, produce aircraft for the U.S. and other nations. The B-2 Spirit strategic bomber, the E-8C Joint STARS surveillance aircraft, the RQ-4 Global Hawk, and the T-38 Talon supersonic trainer, are used by the U.S. Air Force. The US Navy uses Northrop Grumman-built aerial vehicles such as the BQM-74 Chukar, C-2 Greyhound, E-2 Hawkeye, and the EA-6B Prowler. Northrop Grumman provides major components for aircraft such as F/A-18 Hornet. Many aircraft, such as the F-5, T-38 Talon, and E-2 Hawkeye are used by other nations.

The Space Technology sector builds a variety of military and NASA satellites and mission payloads, as well as various Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars") defensive laser systems. Working with Boeing, the sector provides the chemical laser for the Boeing YAL-1 Airborne Laser system.

Mission Systems sector is engaged in supporting the U.S. ballistic missile program; integrating various command, control and intelligence systems; and providing technical and management services to governmental and military customers.

Northrop Grumman intends to bid for the U.S. Air Force's next-generation strategic bomber project. Though it has not built a large manned aircraft since wrapping up B-2 Spirit production in the 1990s, the company has "been working hard to turn that perception around, with the skills and capabilities that back it up."[7]

Northrop Grumman partnered with EADS to use the KC-30[8] to win U.S. Air Force's KC-X tanker competition.[9] Northrop Grumman/EADS will invest approximately US$600 million in a new assembly plant in the United States, which is currently planned for Mobile, Alabama. On February 29 2008, the US Air Force chose the Northrop Grumman/EADS's KC-30.[10] The tanker has been designated KC-45A by the Air Force. Template:Detail

Radar and sensors

Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems creates military sensors and related products, including C4I radar systems for air defense, Airspace Management radar systems such as AMASS, and battlefield surveillance systems like the Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL). Tactical aircraft sensors produced by Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems include the AN/APG-68 radar and the AN/APG-80 advanced agile beam fire control radar for the F-16 Fighting Falcon, the revolutionary AN/APG-77 Advanced Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar for the F-22 Raptor, and the world's most advanced multi-function AESA radar, the AN/APG-81, and the AN/AAS-37 electro-optical Distributed Aperture System for the F-35 Lightning II, and the highly reliable APQ-164 passive Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar for the B-1 Lancer. Electronic Systems also produces and maintains the AWACS aerial surveillance systems for the U.S., the United Kingdom, NATO, Japan, and other customers. Northrop Grumman is the prime contractor for the development and integration of the Air Force's $2-billion Multi-Platform Radar Technology Insertion Program. Many other smaller products are made by Northrop Grumman, such as night vision goggles and secure communications equipment.

Affiliated companies and partners

Remotec, a subsidiary, is the foremost manufacturer of remote control vehicles for explosive ordnance disposal and hazardous material handling. A UK-based subsidiary, Park Air Systems, makes navigation, traffic control, and communications equipment for international customers. They also have worked closely with Antenna Associates, Inc., a leading manufacturer of IFF(Identification Friend or Foe)/SSR(Secondary Surveillance Radar) Antennas located in Massachusetts.

Other services

In addition to providing the products created by Northrop Grumman, the company also provides many military and non-military services, usually to governments. It is among the largest suppliers of IT services to the U.S. federal government, for instance. And Vinnell, a Northrop Grumman subsidiary within the Technical Services sector, provides training and communications services for the military. For example Vinnell landed a $48 million contract to train the Iraqi Army in 2003.[11]

Many smaller nations and individual states in the U.S. have contracted Northrop Grumman for various large-scale projects. In 2005, for instance, the company won a $2 billion contract with Virginia to overhaul most of the state's IT operations.[12] And later that year, Great Britain paid for a $1.2 billion contract with the company to provide maintenance of many aspects of the country's defensive radar.[13]

Northrop Grumman also performs various foreign functions in the War on Drugs. The company sends planes to spray herbicides on suspected cocaine fields in Colombia and opium poppy fields in Afghanistan.[14][15]


Originally formed in California in 1939, Northrop Corporation was reincorporated in Delaware in 1985. In 1994, Northrop Aircraft merged with Grumman Aerospace to create the company Northrop Grumman. Both companies were previously established in the airplane manufacturing industry, and Grumman was famous for building the Apollo Lunar Module. The new company acquired Westinghouse Electronic Systems in 1996, a major manufacturer of radar systems. Logicon, a defense computer contractor, was added in 1997. Previously, Logicon had acquired Geodynamics Corporation in March 1996 and Syscon Corporation in February 1995.

A merger between Northrop Grumman and competitor Lockheed Martin was not approved by the U.S. government in 1998, slowing the consolidation of the defense industry. But in 1999, the company acquired Teledyne Ryan, which developed surveillance systems and unmanned aircraft. It also acquired California Microwave, Inc., and Data Procurement Corporation, in the same year. Other entities acquired included Xetron Corporation (1996), Inter-National Research Institute Inc. (1998), Federal Data Corporation (2000), Navia Aviation As (2000), Comptek Research, Inc. (2000), and Sterling Software, Inc. (2000).

In 2001 the company acquired Litton Industries, a shipbuilder and provider of defense electronics systems to the U.S. Navy. During the acquisition process, a new Delaware holding company, NNG, Inc., was formed. It merged with Northrop Grumman through a one-for-one common shares exchange in April 2001. Both Northrop Grumman and Litton became subsidiaries of the new holding company. The original Northrop Grumman Corporation then changed its name to Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation; the holding company, NNG, Inc., changed its name to Northrop Grumman Corporation.

Later that year, Newport News Shipbuilding (one of only two producers of nuclear submarines) was added to the company. And in 2002, Northrop Grumman acquired TRW, which became the Space Technology sector based in Redondo Beach, CA, and the Mission Systems sector based in Reston, VA, with sole interest in their space systems and laser systems manufacturing. The Aeronautical division was sold to Goodrich, and the automotive divisions were spun off and retained the TRW name.

There have been many other smaller acquisitions throughout this period.[16] On July 20, 2007, Northrop Grumman became the sole owner of Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites.[17]

Northrop Grumman and Boeing have also recently collaborated on a design concept for NASA's upcoming Orion spacecraft (previously the Crew Exploration Vehicle), but that contract went to rival Lockheed Martin on August 31, 2006. Northrop Grumman announced formation of a new business unit (sector), effective January 1, 2006 called Technical Services.

Hostages in Colombia

Three employees of Northrop Grumman (Thomas Howes, Marc Gonsalves and Keith Stansell) were freed in July of 2008 after five years of captivity in Colombia during Operation Jaque. Tom Janis, also a former Northrop employee, was killed by the FARC shortly after their plane crashed in the Colombian jungle in 2003.[18]

Corporate governance

Kent Kresa was the CEO of the company until he was required to retire in 2003 due to age restrictions. At this point, Ronald Sugar, formerly the chief operating officer, took over as CEO.[19] He also serves as the company chairman.

Besides Sugar, current members of the board of directors of Northrop Grumman are: John Chain, Lewis Coleman, Vic Fazio, Stephen Frank, Phillip Frost, Charles R. Larson,Richard B. Myers, Philip Odeen, Aulana Peters, Kevin Sharer, John Brooks Slaughter.

Business units (sectors)

The company is split into several business units, each of which operates fairly independently. These business units have generally been created through acquisitions.

  • Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems was created by Northrop Grumman's acquisition of Westinghouse Electronic Systems Group in 1996. The Electronic Systems sector is a leading designer, developer, and manufacturer of a wide variety of advanced defense electronics and systems. The division has 120 locations worldwide, including 72 international offices, and approximately 24,000 employees. It accounted for 20% of company sales in 2004.[20] Electronic Systems is headquartered in the Baltimore metropolitan area.[21]
  • Information Technology is the sector charged with providing information systems and services to clients. It also handles training and simulation contracts.
  • Mission Systems deals with missile systems, command, control and intelligence, as well as technical and management services.[22]
  • Integrated Systems support the aerospace and defense industries, providing the U.S. military with intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and integrated strike warfare.
  • Northrop Grumman Newport News is the largest privately owned shipyard in the United States and the only one capable of building Nimitz-class supercarriers. It is located in Newport News, Virginia, and often participates in projects with the Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia.
  • Northrop Grumman Ship Systems is responsible for building small and medium shipping products. It consists of the former Ingalls Shipbuilding and Avondale Shipyard companies.
  • Space Technology deals primarily with satellites, high-powered lasers and SDI systems.
  • Technical Services is a new business unit formed January 1, 2006. Northrop Grumman describes the sector as working in "the logistics support, sustainment, and technical services marketplace."


Northrop Grumman was named Forbes's Company of the Year in 2002. Forbes's announcement credited the company with "master[ing] the art of innovation."[23] Northrop Grumman no longer appears on their list of America's 400 Best Big Companies, however.[24] Northrop Grumman is credited with sponsoring educational programs[25] and donating thousands of dollars to various charities.[26][27] Many members of the U.S. government have attended company events and spoken highly of the company and its contributions.[28] In December 2007, Northrop Grumman Corporation was awarded the prestigious Ron Brown Award for Corporate Leadership, the only Presidential award recognizing companies for outstanding achievement in employee and community relations.[29]


Environmental record

Based on year 2002 data, researchers at the Political Economy Research Institute of the University of Massachusetts identified Northrop Grumman as the 17th-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States; according to their study, Northrop Grumman facilities released more than 520,000 pounds of toxic chemicals into the air in that year.[30] The corporation has also been linked to 52 superfund toxic waste sites.[31] In 2003, the company was among 84 parties with which the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Justice, and the state of New York reached an estimated US$ 15 million settlement for the rehabilitation of the Mattiace Petrochemical Company Superfund site in Glen Cove, Long Island[32]; in the same year, Northrop Grumman agreed to pay $33,214 after EPA inspectors found hazardous waste violations at the Capistrano test site.[33]

Political contributions and governmental ties

From 1990-2002, Northrop Grumman contributed $8.5 million to federal campaigns.[34] According to PAC summary data compiled by Source Watch, the company gave US$1,011,260 to federal candidates in 2005-2006 election cycle, compared to $10,612,837 given by all defense contractors in the same cycle.[35]. This donation amount was only behind that of General Dynamics and Lockheed Martin in the defense industry. The majority of the contributions — 63% — went to Republicans.[36] Former Northrop Grumman Electronics Systems chief James G. Roche served for two years as Secretary of the Air Force for George W. Bush. As reported by the Los Angeles Times, Roche would eventually be nominated to head the Army, but would be forced to withdraw his nomination among accusations of mismanaging a contract with Boeing and of failing to properly handle the Air Force sexual assault scandals of 2003.[37] According to Corp Watch, "at least seven former officials, consultants, or shareholders of Northrop Grumman" have held posts "in the Bush administration...including Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, Vice-Presidential Chief of Staff I. Lewis Libby, Pentagon Comptroller Dov Zakheim, and Sean O’Keefe, director of NASA." Wolfowitz and Libby have both since left the government amid scandals.


Northrop Grumman has had to deal with multiple scandals during its history. The company was sued in 1999 for knowingly giving the Navy defective aircraft. This suit seeks $210 million in damages and is ongoing.[38] Then in 2003, the company was sued for allegedly overcharging the U.S. government for space projects in the 1990s. Northrop Grumman paid $111.2 million to settle that suit out of court.[39]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Elected Officers. Retrieved on 2008-03-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Annual Income Statement. Retrieved on 2008-03-13.
  3. "Defense News Top 100" (2007 data). Defense News.
  4. Northrop Grumman - Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  5. Fortune 500 2008. Retrieved on 2008-07-06.
  6. "Northrop Grumman Announces Key Leadership and Organizational Changes", Northrop Grumman, January 14, 2008.
  7. "Northrop Grumman Hopes for Big Role in DoD Bomber Plan." Christie, R. The Wall Street Journal. July 10, 2006.
  8. Northrop Grumman KC-30 marketing web site. Northrop Grumman. Retrieved on 2007-02-16.
  9. "Air Force Posts KC-X Request for Proposals", USAF news release, 2007-01-30
  10. EADS Shares Surge on $35B US Contract
  11. "$48 Million To Train Iraqi Army", Defense News, 2003-07-07.
  12. McDougall, Paul. "Virginia Taps Northrop Grumman for $2 Billion IT Overhaul", Information Week, 2005-11-15. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  13. "Britain Issues $1.2B E-3D AWACS Support Contract", Defense Industry Daily, 2005-08-16. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  14. Jourdan, Max. "Protecting people or profit?", BBC News, 2004-12-14. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  15. Quintanilla, Jacob. "The "Invisible" U.S. War in Colombia", Resource Center of the Americas, 2004-06-29. Retrieved on 2006-04-05.
  16. Pike, John. Global Security: Mergers. Retrieved on 2006-04-05.
  17. - Northrop Grumman Buys Builder of SpaceShipOne
  18. Northrop Grumman Statement to News Media Regarding the Release of Our Employees in Colombia
  19. Lubove, Seth. "We See You, Saddam", Forbes Magazine, 2003-01-06. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  20. Northrop Grumman Corporation (2005) 2004 Annual Report
  21. Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems
  22. Northrop Grumman Corporation - Mission Systems
  23. "Forbes Names Northrop Grumman Company of the Year", Forbes Magazine, 2002-12-19. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  24. America's Best Big Companies. Forbes Magazine (2006). Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  25. Northrop Grumman (March 20, 2006). Northrop Grumman Becomes Co-pilot for NASA's Great Moonbuggy Race. Press release.
  26. Northrop Grumman (March 31, 2006). Northrop Grumman Makes $25,000 Donation to Boys and Girls Club of Annapolis and Anne Arundel County. Press release.
  27. Northrop Grumman Employees Charity Organization. Reading to Kids (2005). Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  28. "Photo Release -- Sen. John McCain Thanks Northrop Grumman Shipbuilders at Commissioning of Aegis Destroyer Halsey (DDG 97)", Northrop Grumman press release, August 1, 2005.
  29. The Ron Brown Award for Corporate Leadership
  30. Political Economy Research Institute
  31. Center for Public Integrity analysis of EPA documents
  32. Environmental Protection Agency
  33. Environmental Protection Agency
  34. CorpWatch : Northrop Grumman
  35. Defense PAC Contributions
  36. Northrop PAC Contribution
  37. CorpWatch : US: Roche Bails Out for Top Army Job Amid Scandal
  38. {{Flynn, Michael (2004). Northrop Grumman. Right Web Profiles. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.
  39. Merle, Renae. "Northrop Settles Billing Case: Shipbuilding Unit Allegedly Overbilled U.S. by $72 Million", Washington Post, 2003-08-09. Retrieved on 2006-04-04.

External links

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