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Antonov, or Antonov Aeronautical Scientist/Technical Complex (Antonov ASTC) (Template:Lang-uk), formerly the Antonov Design Bureau, is a Ukrainian aircraft manufacturing and services company with particular expertise in the field of very large aircraft construction. Antonov ASTC is a state-owned commercial company. It has its headquarters in Kiev.[1]


File:An-225 front day V1.jpg
An-225 is the largest operating aircraft in the world

The company is named after Oleg Antonov, its founder and head designer of An-2, An-24, An-22 and other legendary planes.

The Antonov company lacks facilities for full construction of some aircraft, a result of Soviet industrial strategy that split military production between different regions of the USSR. This distribution minimized potential war loss risks. As a result, Antonov airplanes were often constructed by aerospace companies in Kharkiv (Ukraine), Novosibirsk (Russia), and Tashkent (Uzbekistan).

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Products and activities

123 Fields of commercial activity of Antonov ASTC include:

  • Aircraft construction and manufacture
  • Airfreight services (Antonov Airlines)
  • Aircraft maintenance and upgrading
  • Aerospace related engineering support
  • Operation of the Gostomel airport (Antonov Airport)
  • Trolley bus construction and manufacture (a spin-off, using existing technical expertise).[2]
  • Air Start project. Satellite launch from the modifed version of Ruslan.[3]

Private Lithuanian Antonov An-2 in the UK

Antonov's airplanes (design office prefix An) range from the rugged An-2 biplane (which itself is comparatively large for a biplane) through the An-28 reconnaissance aircraft to the massive An-124 Ruslan and An-225 Mriya strategic airlifters (the latter being the world's heaviest aircraft with only one currently in service). Whilst less famous, the An-24, An-26, An-30 and An-32 family of twin turboprop, high winged, passenger/cargo/troop transport aircraft are important for domestic/short-haul air services particularly in parts of the world once led by communist governments. The An-72/An-74 series of small jetliners is slowly replacing that fleet, and a larger An-70 freighter is under certification.

The Antonov An-148 is a brand new short-haul airliner of twin-turbofan configuration, which is awaiting Western certification. Over 150 aircraft have been ordered since 2007, all of them by Russian and former East-bloc operators plus Cuba. Template:Citation needed A stretched version is in development, the An-158 (from 60-70 to 90-100 passengers).

Aircraft Name NATO Maiden flight Remarks
A-40 Krylaty Tank 1942 Winged tank
An-2 Kukuruznik Colt 31 August 1947 multi-purpose, biplane, single-engine utility transport.
An-3 Colt 13 May 1980 turboprop conversion of An-2
An-4 Colt float-equipped An-2
An-6 Meteo Colt weather reconnaissance aircraft based on An-2
An-8 Camp 1955 medium military transport
An-10 Ukraine Cat March, 1957 medium turboprop-powered airliner
An-11 Motorised variant of the A-11 glider
An-12 Cub 16 December 1957 military turboprop-powered transport, developed from An-10
An-13 1962 Light aircraft developed from the A-13M motor glider
An-14 Pchelka Clod 1958 light twin-engine transport
An-22 Antei Cock February, 1965 extremely large turboprop transport
An-24 Coke 20 October 1959 twin-turboprop airliner
An-26 Curl 1969 twin-turboprop transport, derived from An-24
An-28 Cash September, 1969 twin-turboprop light transport, developed from An-14
An-30 Clank 1967 An-24 adapted for aerial photography and mapping
An-32 Cline 1976 twin-turboprop hot-and-high transport, up-engined An-26 airframe
An-38 Cash 1994 twin-turboprop light transport, stretched An-28
An-70 16 December 1994 large military transport, powered by four propfan engines, to replace An-12
An-71 Madcap 12 July 1985 naval AWACS development of An-72
An-72 Cheburashka Coaler 31 August 1977 STOL transport, utilizing the Coandă effect
An-74 Cheburashka Coaler 1983 civil version of An-72; version with engines below wings is called An-74TK-300[4]
An-88 AWACS project, not completed
An-124 Ruslan Condor 1982 strategic airlifter; largest aircraft ever mass produced
An-140 18 September 1994 short-range turboprop airliner, to replace An-24
An-148 17 December 2004 regional jet for 68-85 passengers
An-158 28 April 2010 stretched version of An-148 for 99 passengers
An-174 enlarged An-74 with engines below wings
An-180 cancelled medium propfan airliner, around 175 passengers
An-218 postponed propfan- or turbofan-powered widebody airliner
An-225 Mriya Cossack 21 December 1988 An-124 derived strategic airlifter; largest aircraft ever built; only one has been put into service
OKA-38 Storch Copy of Fieseler Fi 156
SKV Basis for An-14


See also



  1. "Contacts." Antonov. Retrieved on 5 February 2011. "Office 1,Tupolev Str., Kiev, 03062,Ukraine,." Address in Russian: "ул. Туполева, 1, г. Киев, 03062, Украина"
  2. Antonov Ground Transport. Retrieved on 2009-01-10.
  3. Aerial launch.

External links

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Template:Antonov aircraft

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Template:Link GA ar:أنتونوف (شركة) bg:АНТК Антонов ca:Antonov cs:Antonov da:Antonov de:Antonow et:Antonov es:Antónov fa:آنتونوف fr:Antonov gl:Antonov id:Antonov it:Antonov (azienda) hu:ANTK Antonov nl:Antonov (vliegtuigen) ja:O・K・アントーノウ記念航空科学技術複合体 no:Antonov pl:Antonow pt:Antonov ro:Antonov ru:КБ Антонов sk:Antonov sr:АНТК Антонов fi:Antonov sv:Antonov tr:Antonov uk:АНТК імені Олега Антонова vi:Antonov

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Antonov".