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|Headquarters||[[San Antonio, Texas]], [[USA]]|
|Subsidiaries||Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada)|
The company was founded by Sherman Fairchild in 1925 as Fairchild Aviation Corporation, based in Farmingdale, and East Farmingdale, New York. The company produced the first US aircraft to include a fully-enclosed cockpit and hydraulic landing gear, the Fairchild FC-1. At some point they were also known as the Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company. The Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. of Longueuil, Quebec, Canada was an aircraft manufacturer in the period 1920-1950. It served as a subsidiary of the Fairchild company of the United States. In 1929 Sherman Fairchild purchased a majority stock interest in Kreider-Reisner Aircraft Company of Hagerstown. Fairchild moved to Hagerstown, Maryland in 1931.
A Fairchild airplane, the Virginia, was taken as one of three planes by Richard E. Byrd on his 1928/29 expedition to the South Pole. It was used for test flights and reconnaissance.
World War II
Among its activities during World War II was producing PT-19/PT-23/PT-26 (Cornell) and AT-21 trainers, C-82 "Packet" cargo planes and missiles. The Fairchild AT-21 Gunner, a twin-engine trainer, was manufactured at a former rayon mill in Burlington, North Carolina. Also large numbers of the Fairchild Type 24 (C-61) were produced for the military (principally the Fairchild Argus for the Royal Air Force) and postwar, the civilian market (see separate entry under Fairchild Argus).
The Fairchild C-119 "Flying Boxcar" was a US military transport aircraft developed from the World War II Fairchild C-82 Packet. The C-119 was designed to carry cargo, personnel, litter patients and mechanized equipment with the ability to make "paradrops" of cargo and troops. The first C-119 made its initial flight in November 1947, and by the time production ceased in 1955, more than 1,100 C-119s had been built for use in the USAF and other air forces including the RCAF. After its retirement from military service, the flexibility and ruggedness of the C-119 made it ideal to convert as a waterbomber.
In 1949, the Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation (based in Hagerstown, Maryland) started work on the C-123 Provider, the transport officially entering service in 1955. In 1956, the company acquired rights to the Fokker Friendships, producing 206 of the aircraft as the Fairchild F-27 and Fairchild Hiller FH-227.
In 1964, the company purchased Hiller Aircraft, changing their name to Fairchild Hiller and producing the FH-1100, until 1973 when the helicopter division was sold back to Stanley Hiller. In 1965, the company acquired the Republic Aviation Company.
Following the death of its founder, Fairchild changed its name to Fairchild Industries in 1971, before purchasing Swearingen and manufacturing the Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, a successful commuter aircraft (with US military designations C-26 Metroliner and UC-26 Metroliner). During 1971 and 1972, the company developed what would become the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, prevailing over a rival design by Northrop, the Northrop YA-9.
- 1939 F24/UC-61C
- 1945 C-82A
- 1943 PT-19A
- 1953 C-119
- 1927 FC-2
- 1927 FC-2W2
- 1937 24-G
- M7 Aerospace - Company Web Site
- Fairchild Industries Collection, National Air and Space Archives PDF 1071 KB, includes corporate history and chronology
- Fairchild history - Fairchild trainer production WW2
- Pictures of Fairchilds
- Hagerstown Aviation Museum- Museum based in Hagerstown, Maryland, "Home of the Flying Boxcar," and Fairchild from 1931-1984
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|Military||Air forces · Aircraft weapons · Missiles · Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) · Experimental aircraft|
|Military aviation · Airliners · General aviation · Famous aviation-related deaths|
|Records||Flight airspeed record · Flight distance record · Flight altitude record · Flight endurance record · Most produced aircraft|
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fairchild Aircraft".