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Airbus A310

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Airbus A310
Royaljord.a310-300.f-odvi.750pix.jpg
Royal Jordanian A310-300
Type Airliner
Manufacturer Airbus S.A.S.
Maiden flight 1982-04-03
Introduced April 1983 with Lufthansa and Swissair
Primary users FedEx (59)
Air India (19)
Pakistan International Airlines (13)
Air Transat (11)
Produced 1983-2007
Number built 255
Developed from Airbus A300
Variants A310 MRTT
CC-150 Polaris

The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus' second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300.

Contents

History

The A310 is a shortened derivative of the Airbus A300. Perhaps the greatest attribute of the A310 is range. The A310-300's range exceeds all A300 models and the -200 exceeds all A300 models in range except the A300-600. This quality has led to the aircraft being used extensively on transatlantic routes. The A300 and A310 introduced the concept of commonality which has become one of the Airbus family's greatest marketing points: A300-600 and A310 pilots can qualify for the other aircraft with only one day of training.

A British Caledonian A310-200 circa 1984

Like its sister aircraft, the A300, the A310 is reaching the end of its market life as a passenger and cargo aircraft. There have been no new A310 passenger orders since the late 1990s, and only a few freighter orders remain. The A310 (along with the A300) will cease production in July of 2007. Freighter sales are to be fulfilled by a new A330-200F derivative.[1]

Although production of the A310 has been scheduled to cease in July 2005, there have been no orders or deliveries since 1998. At the end of 1998 there had been 260 A310 orders and 255 delivered.

The aircraft was formally launched in July 1978 for Lufthansa and Swissair. A further development of the A300, the aircraft was initially designated the A300 B10. Essentially a "baby" A300, the main differences in the two aircraft are

  • Shortened fuselage - same cross section, providing capacity of about 200.
  • Redesigned wing - designed by British Aerospace who rejoined Airbus consortium
  • Smaller vertical fin

The A310 is marketed as an excellent introduction to widebody operations for developing airlines. With the Airbus A330 now a major success, further orders for the A310 are unlikely. Between 1983 and 1997, 255 A310s were delivered by Airbus. The A300 and A310 established Airbus as a major competitor to Boeing and allowed it to go ahead with the more ambitious A330/A340 family.

The A310 has also been extensively used with the armed forces of many countries, including but not limited to:

Variants

There is one variant of the A310 and launched in 1978 with introduction into service in 1983. There are several versions of the A310.

A310-200

The first A310 was the 162nd Airbus off the production line, the aircraft made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. The -200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a year later.

A310-200C

This is the convertible version of this plane. The seats can be removed and cargo placed on the main deck.

A310-300

First flown in July 1985, the -300 has an increased MTOW and an increase in range, provided by additional centre and horizontal stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced wingtip fences to improve aerodynamic efficiency, a feature that has since been retrofitted to some -200s. The aircraft entered service in 1986, again with Swissair. No production freighters of the A310 were produced. Operators such as FedEx instead adapt ex-airline A310s into freighters. Most have been the -300 version.

A310-300C

This is the convertible version of this plane. The seats can be removed and cargo placed on the main deck.

A310 MRTT

A310 MRTT:The A310 has long been operated by many of the world's airforces as a pure transport, however some are now being converted to the "Multi Role Tanker Transport" configuration by EADS, providing an aerial refueling capability. Six have been ordered; four by the German Luftwaffe and two by the Canadian Forces. Deliveries began in 2004. Three are being converted at EADS' Elbe Flugzeugwerke (EFW) in Dresden, Germany; the other three at Lufthansa Technik in Hamburg, Germany.

Specifications

FedEx Express A310-200F
Hapagfly A310-304
  [2] A310-200 A310-200F A310-300 A310-300F
Crew 2
Length 153 ft 1 in (46.66 m)
Height 51 ft 10 in (15.8 m)
Wingspan 144 ft (43.9 m)
Wing sweep 28 °
Cross section 17ft 4in (5.64 m)
Passengers (3cl) 187 33t cargo 187 33t cargo
MTOW 312,342 lb (141,974 kg) 361,600 lb (164,000 kg) *
Empty weight 176,312 lb
(80,142 kg )
72,400 kg 183,300 lb
(83,100 kg )
73,900 kg
Max fuel 14,603 US g (55,200 L) 19,940 US g (75,470 L)
Cruise speed (M) 0.79
Max speed (M) 0.84
Ceiling 40,000 ft (12,192 m)
Thrust (×2) (lb) 50,000-53,200 56,000-59,000
Engines PWJT9D-7R4 or CF6-80C2A2    PW4156A or CF6-80C2A8   
Range 6,800 km
(3,670 nm)
5,550 km 9,600 km
(5,200 nm)
7,330 km

* 157,000 kg is standard for the -300, 164,000 kg is an option.

A310 deliveries

 2005   2004   2003   2002   2001   2000   1999   1998   1997   1996   1995   1994   1993 
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 22
 1992   1991   1990   1989   1988   1987   1986   1985   1984   1983   1982   1981   1980 
24 19 18 23 28 21 19 26 21 17 0 0 0

Incidents

  • Hull-loss Accidents: 6 with a total of 518 fatalities
  • Hijackings: 10 with a total of 5 fatalities
  • S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310-324 jet from Moscow carrying 196 passengers and eight crew, overshot the runway at Irkutsk in Siberia, plowed through a concrete barrier and caught fire as it crashed into buildings. Reports said that 70 of the 204 on board survived, with 12 still missing [1]. Since the accident, casualty figures have fluctuated, in part due to three people boarding the aircraft that were not on the passenger manifest, and some survivors having walked home and assumed to be trapped in the wreckage. (10 July 2006 02:15 UTC) [2] The airline has set up a website with information for relatives and a passenger list at www.bort778.info.
  • Other Incidents: Rudder partially fell off an Air Transat flight

Trivia

  • The A310 has the widest cabin for its length of any airplane ever manufactured by Airbus. The A310 is only 8 feet longer than an A321 but is significantly wider

External links

References

Related content

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Comparable aircraft

See also

ar:إيرباص إيه 310

cs:Airbus A310 de:Airbus A310 el:Airbus A310 es:Airbus A310 eu:Airbus A310 fr:Airbus A310 gl:Airbus A310 it:Airbus A310 he:איירבוס A310 hu:Airbus A310 ms:Airbus A310 nl:Airbus A310 ja:エアバスA310 no:Airbus A310 pl:Airbus A310 pt:Airbus A310 ro:Airbus A310 ru:Airbus A310 sr:Ербас А310 fi:Airbus A310 sv:Airbus A310 zh:空中客车A310

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