|Type||Public (BM&F Bovespa: EMBR3 |
|Headquarters||São José dos Campos, Brazil|
|Key people||Maurício Novis Botelho, (Chairman) |
Frederico Fleury Curado, (CEO)
|Industry||Aerospace / Defense|
|Products||Aircraft, aircraft components, mission systems for air and ground operation|
|Revenue||Template:Profit US$ 17.7 Billion (2010)|
|Net income||Template:Profit US$ 704.6 Million (2010)|
Embraer S.A. (BM&F Bovespa: EMBR3 / Template:Nyse) (Template:IPA-pt) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, and executive aircraft and provides aeronautical services.
Headquartered in São José dos Campos, Embraer is, alongside Canadian rival Bombardier, the third-largest commercial aircraft company in the world (behind Boeing and Airbus)Template:Citation needed and was for much of the 2000s one of Brazil's top exporters.
- 1 History
- 2 Production bases and facilities
- 3 Aircraft types
- 4 Licensed-version aircraft
- 5 Commercial aircraft deliveries
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Seeking a domestic aircraft manufacturer,Template:Citation needed the Brazilian government made several investments in this area during the 1940s and '50s, but it was not until 1969 that Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica (Embraer) was created as a government-owned corporation.
The Brazilian Government contributed to the early growth of EmbraerTemplate:Citation needed giving it contracts and helping to increase its product line, and the company sold solely to the domestic market until 1975.
While military aircraft made up the majority of Embraer's products during the 1970s,Template:Citation needed by 1985 a regional airliner had debuted, the Brasilia. Aimed at the export market,Template:Citation needed this plane marked the firstTemplate:Citation needed of Embraer's highly successful small airliners.
Born from a Brazilian government plan and having been state-run from the beginning, Embraer began a privatization processTemplate:Citation needed alongside many other state-controlled companies during the government of Fernando Collor de Mello.
Initial public offerings
In 2000 Embraer made simultaneous initial public offerings on the NYSE and BM&F Bovespa stock exchanges. As of 2008 its NYSE-traded shares were American Depositary Receipts representing 4 BM&F Bovespa shares.
Template:As of ownership was: Bozano Group 11.10%, Previ 16.40%, Sistel 7.40%, Dassault Aviation 2.1%, EADS 2.1%, Thales 2.1%, Safran (formerlly Snecma) 1.1%, Government of Brazil 0.3%, and the remainder being publicly traded.
Product line expansion: military, regional & executive
In the mid-1990s the company pursued a product line more focused on small commercial planes than the military aircraft that had prior made up the majority of its manufacturing. Larger regional airliners with 70-110 seats and smaller business jets soon followed. Today the company makes for both defense and commerce.
Work on a new military transport, the Embraer KC-390, began in the May of 2009 with monies from the Brazilian Air Force. Using many of the technologies developed for the Embraer 190, this aircraft will carry up to 19 tons (41,888 pounds) of cargo and is aimed at replacing older military cargo aircraft.
Government subsidy controversy
Brazil and Canada engaged in an an international, adjudicated trade dispute over government subsidies to domestic plane-makers in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The World Trade Organization decided Brazil ran an illegal subsidy program, Proex, benefiting its national aviation industry from at least 1999-2000, and that on at least two occasions Canada illegally subsidized its indigenous regional airliner industry, comprising Bombardier Aerospace.
Production bases and facilities
The company's headquarters, main production facilities, and engineering offices are in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. Also having a production plant and flight testing facility in Gavião Peixoto, São Paulo, this facility includes a Template:Convert runway, the fourth-longest in the world.
- Embraer São José dos Campos (São José dos Campos, Brazil)
- Embraer Eugênio de Melo (São José dos Campos, Brazil)
- Embraer Gavião Peixoto (Gavião Peixoto, Brazil)
- Embraer Botucatu (Botucatu, Brazil)
- Embraer Portugal/Europe (Évora, Portugal).
Regional sales and product support offices
- Embraer North America (Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA, Nashville, Tennessee, USA, and Hartford, Connecticut, USA)
- Embraer Europe (Villepinte, France)
- Embraer China (Beijing, China)
- Embraer Singapore (Singapore, Singapore)
- EAMS - Embraer Aircraft Maintenance Services Inc. (Nashville, Tennessee USA) - maintenance services site.
- OGMA - Indústria Aeronáutica de Portugal (Alverca do Ribatejo, Portugal) - aircraft component maintenance, repair and manufacturing, plus aircraft maintenance services.
- Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante
- Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia
- Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector
- Embraer ERJ 135 (37 passengers)
- Embraer ERJ 140 (44 passengers)
- Embraer ERJ 145 (50 passengers)
- Embraer 170 (80 passengers)
- Embraer 175 (88 passengers)
- Embraer 190 (110 passengers)
- Embraer 195 (122 passengers)
- Embraer EMB 111 Bandeirulha, a special version designed for maritime patrol, used by the Brazilian Air Force
- Embraer EMB 312 Tucano
- Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano
- AMX International AMX
- Embraer R-99
- Embraer 145 AEW&C
- Embraer 145 RS/AGS
- Embraer P-99
- Embraer KC-390
- Embraer Phenom 100
- Embraer Phenom 300
- Embraer Legacy 450
- Embraer Legacy 500
- Embraer Legacy 600
- Embraer Legacy 650
- Embraer Lineage 1000
- Embraer Sêneca
- Embraer Corisco
- Embraer Carioca
- Embraer Minuano
- Embraer Navajo
- Embraer Sertanejo
- Embraer Tupi
Commercial aircraft deliveries
|Number Of Deliveries||4||32||60||96||160||161||131||101||148||141||130||169||204||244||246 |
The numbers include military versions of commercial aircraft.
Total delivered-backlog-options as of June 30, 2007: 862-53-131 145 Family, 256-399-719 170/190 Family
- Press Room: Embraer in Numbers embraer.com (Official Site)
- The Company: Business embraer.com (Official Site)
- Corporate governance, pg. 357/651 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Timeline Embraer Historical Center (Official Site)
- The Company: Profile embraer.com (Official Site)
- Embraer sees shrinking margins in 2010 second half reuters.com, Tue Aug 3, 2010 12:55pm EDT
- OECD Territorial Reviews Madrid, Spain. Page 157/264 OECD Publishing. 2007.
- Where core competence soars Rishikesha T. Krishnan. Businessline. Chennai: Oct 1, 2003. pg. 1
- The Embraer EMB120 Brasilia airliners.net
- Brazil on Road Peddling State-Owned Enterprises; [FINAL Edition] John Eckhouse, Chronicle Staff Writer. San Francisco Chronicle (pre-1997 Fulltext). San Francisco, Calif.: Jan 12, 1991. pg. B.1
- Scielo: Os efeitos da privatização sobre o desempenho econômico e financeiro das empresas privatizadas (Portuguese)
- Corporate governance, pg. 356/651 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Corporate governance, pg. 358/651 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Corporate governance, pg. 359/651 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Portugal interested in Brazilian military cargo plane Anonymous. BBC Monitoring European. London: Feb 1, 2010.
- EMBRAER HAS MILITARY TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT UNDER STUDY
- Argentina to buy 6 military transport jets from Brazil's Embraer; BRAZIL-ARGENTINA/AIRCRAFT EFE News Service. Madrid: Oct 30, 2010.
- Defense Watch Anonymous. Defense Daily. Potomac: Sep 7, 2010. Vol. 247, Iss. 47
- Embraer official web site, press release
- Embraer mulls over new types. Retrieved on 2010-10-31.
- Embraer history
- Embraer history on Jetsite.com.br (in Portuguese)
- Pictures of the Embraer fleet (in English)
- Indústria Aeronáutica Neiva (in Portuguese)
- Embraer profile by world aircraft sales
- aircraft videos
Lists relating to aviation
|General||Timeline of aviation · Aircraft · Aircraft manufacturers · Aircraft engines · Aircraft engine manufacturers · Airports · Airlines|
|Military||Air forces · Aircraft weapons · Missiles · Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) · Experimental aircraft|
|Notable incidents |
|Military aviation · Airliners · General aviation · Famous aviation-related deaths|
|Records||Flight airspeed record · Flight distance record · Flight altitude record · Flight endurance record · Most produced aircraft|
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|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.|
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Embraer".