BMW took over the license for manufacturing air-cooled radial engines from US aircraft manufacturer Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company on 3 January 1928. The nine-cylinder model Pratt & Whitney Hornet was initially manufactured virtually unchanged under the designation BMW Hornet. Soon BMW embarked on its own development. The resulting BMW 132, which entered production in 1933, was essentially an improved Hornet. A number of different versions were built. Aside from the carburettor designs used mainly in civilian aircraft, versions with direct fuel injection were manufactured for the Luftwaffe. The engines had a displacement of 27.7 liters and generated up to 1200 bhp, depending on the model.
The 132 found widespread use in the transport role, remaining the primary powerplant of the Junkers Ju 52 for much of its life, turning the BMW 132 into one of the most important aeroengines for civilian aircraft during the 1930s.
Numerous pioneering flights were undertaken with the BMW 132. The most impressive was the first direct flight from Berlin to New York in a Fw 200 S-1 Condor equipped with four BMW 132 engines. It covered the distance to New York in 24 hours and 57 minutes on 10 August 1938.
Specifications (BMW 132N)
- Arado Ar 196
- Arado Ar 197
- Blohm & Voss BV 141
- Heinkel He 114
- Heinkel He 115
- Henschel Hs 123
- Junkers Ju 160
- Junkers Ju 52
- Junkers Ju 86
- Junkers W34
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It uses material from the Wikipedia article "BMW 132".