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Antonov An-24

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The Antonov An-24 (NATO reporting name: Coke) is a 44-seat twin turboprop transport manufactured in the Soviet Union by the Antonov Design Bureau.

Contents

Development

It was first flown in 1959. Over 1,000 An-24s were built and 880 are still in service worldwide, mostly in the CIS and Africa. As of August 2006 a total of 448 Antonov An-24 aircraft were in airline service.[1]

It was designed to replace veteran piston Il-14 transport on short to medium haul trips. The design of the aircraft was optimised for operating from rough strips and unprepared airports in remote locations. The high-wing layout protects engines and blades from debris, and the power-to-weight ratio is higher than that of many comparable aircraft. The machine is rugged and does not require sophisticated ground equipment for maintenance.

The prototype build and the main production line was at the Kiev-Svyatoshin (now "Aviant") aircraft production plant which built 985 and 180 were built at Ulan Ude. A further production line at Irkutsk built 197 freighter variants. China's Xian Aircraft Manufacturing Company makes copies of the An-24 as the Yunshuji Y-7. Production continues in China, though production in Ukraine was shut down in 1978.

Variants

  • An-24: : Original design. Twin-engined 44-seat transport aircraft.
  • An-24B: Freight transport version.
  • An-24T: Freight transport version.
  • An-24P: : Firebomber or fire-fighting version.
  • An-24V : 50-seat short-range transport version, powered by two 2,550-ehp (1902-ekW) Ivchenko AI-24A turboprop engines.
  • An-24V Series II : 50-seat mixed passenger, cargo and freight version.
  • An-24RT : Similar to the AN-24T, fitted with an anxiliary turbojet engine.
  • An-24RV : Turbojet boosted version. Similar to the An-24V, but fitted with a 1,985-lb (900-kg) thrust auxiliary turbojet engine.
  • Xian Y-7 : Chinese-built version powered by two Dongan WJ5A turboprop engines - see also Xian MA60
  • Y-7-100 : Improved version with redesigned cockpit and cabin, also fitted with winglets.
  • Y-7-200 : Fitted with new avionics, winglets are deleted.
  • Y-7-200A : Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PW127C turboprop engines.
  • Y-7-200B : Built for the Chinese domestic market.

Operators

File:World operators of the An-24.png
Military An-24 operators

Military

Template:AFG
The Afghan Air Force received six from 1975.
Template:DZA
Algerian Air Force
Template:ANG
People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola
Template:ARM
Armenian Air Force
Template:AZE
Azerbaijan Air Force
Template:BGD
Bangladeshi Air Force, none in service, all retired
Template:BLR
Belarus Air Force
Template:BUL
Bulgaria Air Force
Template:CAM
Royal Cambodian Air Force
Template:CHN
Template:COG
Congolese Air Force
Template:CUB
Cuban Air Force
Template:CZE
Czech air force (before 2005)
Template:CZS
Czechoslovakian Air Force - No longer in service.
Template:DDR
Luftstreitkräfte der NVA
Template:EGY
Egyptian Air Force
Template:GEO
Georgian Air Force
Template:GUI
Military of Guinea
Template:GNB
Military of Guinea-Bissau
Template:HUN
Hungarian Air Force
Template:IRI
Iranian Air Force
Template:IRQ
Iraqi Air Force
Template:KAZ
Military of Kazakhstan
Template:LAO
Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force
Template:MLI
Military of Mali
Template:MNG
Mongolian Air Force - All An-24 retired in 2003
Template:PRK
Korean People's Army Air Force
Template:POL
Polish Air Force- An-24 fleet retired in beginning of 2009
Template:ROU
Romanian Air Force-the last An-24 of the RoAF was retired in 2007
Template:RUS
Template:SVK
Slovak Air Force last one retired in 2006
Template:SOM
Somali Air Corps
Template:SUD
Sudanese Air Force
Template:SYR
Syrian Air Force
Template:UKR
Ukrainian Air Force
Template:USSR
Template:UZB
Military of Uzbekistan
Template:VIE
Vietnam People's Air Force
Template:YEM
Yemen Air Force

Civil operators

Major operators of some of the 448 Antonov An-24 aircraft still in airline service at August 2006 include: China Southern Airlines (11), Air Urga (10), ARP 410 Airlines (10), Scat Air (20), Turkmenistan Airlines (22), Ukraine National Airlines (12), Novosibirsk Air Enterprise (9), Belavia (9), Air Koryo (8) Aeroflot (6), UTair (17), Uzbekistan Airways (11), Yakutia Airlines (17) and Cubana de Aviación (2) Aero Caribbean(1). Some 112 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[1]

Civil operators have included: Aeroflot, Aerosvit, Air Astana, Air Guinee, Air Mali, Ariana Afghan Airlines,Askari Aviation, Balkan Bulgarian, CAAC, Cubana, Egyptair, Interflug, Iraqi Airways, Lebanese Air Transport, Lina Congo, LOT Polish Airlines, MIAT Mongolian Airlines,Misrair (Egyptair), Mosphil Aero (Philippines), Pan African Air Service, Kyrgyzstan, President Airlines, PMTair, Royal Khmer Airlines, Tarom, Uzbekistan Airways, Lionair

Accident summary

As of 2004

  • Hull-loss accidents: 109 with a total of 1673 fatalities
  • Other occurrences: 11 with a total of 59 fatalities
  • Hijackings: 33 with a total of 4 fatalities

Recent accidents

(See also: 2006 Slovak Air Force Antonov An-24 crash)

  • On January 19, 2006, a Slovak An-24 military transport with 43 persons on board (of which 28 were soldiers) crashed in Hungary, only 3 km from the Slovak border. Only one person survived, and 42 were reported dead. The plane was carrying Slovak KFOR forces that had been serving in Kosovo for half a year.[2]

(See also: PMTair Flight U4 241)

Specifications (An-24)

File:Antonov An-24.jpg
Preserved An-24 at Aleksotas airport (S. Dariaus / S. Gireno) (EYKS), Kaunas

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3-4: 2 pilots, 1 flight engineer, (optional) 1 radio operator
  • Capacity: 52 passengers (AN-24V 50 passengers)
  • Payload: 5,500 kg (12,000 lb)
  • Length: 23.53 m (77 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.20 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 8.32 m (27 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 75.0 m² (807 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 21,000 kg (46,000 lb)
  • Powerplant:Ivchenko AI-24A turboprops, 2,820 ehp (2,100 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 500 km/h (270 knots, 310 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 450 km/h (240 knots, 280 mph)
  • Range:
    • With maximum payload: 750 km (404 nm, 466 mi)
    • With maximum fuel: 2,400 km (1,300 nm, 1,500 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,400 m (27,559 ft)


See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
  2. Nærland, Mina Hauge. "Slovakisk militærfly styrtet", Dagbladet.no, DB Medialab, 2006-01-19. Retrieved on 2006-06-30. (in Norwegian)
  3. RTÉ News, Ireland. "Angkor Wat tourists in plane crash", RTE.ie, Radio Telefís Éireann, 2007-06-24. Retrieved on 2007-06-24.
  4. CNN International. "Tourists missing as plane crashes", Associated Press, 2007-06-25. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.

External links

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Antonov An-24".
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