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Hawker Siddeley Andover

From PlaneSpottingWorld, for aviation fans everywhere
HS780 Andover
Andover C.1
Type Transport aircraft
Manufacturer Hawker Siddeley
Maiden flight July 1965
Primary users Royal Air Force
Royal New Zealand Air Force
Eureka Aviation
748 Air Services
Developed from Avro 748
Variants BAe ATP

The Hawker Siddeley Andover (HS780) is a twin engined turboprop military transport aircraft produced by Hawker Siddeley for the Royal Air Force developed from the Avro 748 (HS748) airliner. The Andover was named after the Avro Andover, a Royal Air Force (RAF) biplane transport used for medical evacuation between the wars, and RAF Andover, where trials of the aircraft were partially carried out.

Design and development

Three examples of the first aircraft with the name Andover, the Avro 651 Andover, served as air ambulances at RAF Halton in the early 1920s. The fourth example of this type, the Avro 563 Andover[1], was a 12 passenger airliner which entered RAF service in 1925.

The HS Andover has good short field performance. It was expected to deliver cargo and evacuate casualties intra-theatre in a European-war scenario. The British Royal Air Force ordered 31 aircraft and these were delivered as the Andover C.1. Subsequent RAF types are the Andover CC.2 VIP transport and Andover E.3 electronic calibration aircraft.

Operational history

Three of these RAF Andovers continue to fly, one C.1 with the Empire Test Pilots' School and one C.1 with the Heavy Aircraft Test Squadron of the Joint Test and Evaluation Group. The remaining aircraft is a modified C.1 converted for photo-reconnaissance, the Andover C.1(PR), serial number XS596. This is the UK designated aircraft under the Treaty on Open Skies. All three are based at RAF Boscombe Down.

The Royal New Zealand Air Force operated 10 aircraft, acquired while still relatively new in 1976. These saw service with UN missions to Somalia and on the Iran-Iraq border, and in disaster relief work in the Pacific. The type was retired from service in 1998. The main difficulty with their service in New Zealand was their limited range - 1000 nautical miles of Pacific Ocean separate New Zealand from its nearest neighbours).


Andover C.1
First production series for RAF, 31 aircraft built.
Andover C.1(PR)
One C1 aircraft was converted for Photographic Reconnaissance duties.
Andover CC.2
Not a variant of the cargo/transport Andover but a VIP transport version of the Hawker Siddeley 748.
Andover E.3
Six C1 aircraft were converted for radio and airport aids calibration.


Military operators


Only 3 Aircraft currently remain airworthy. All 3 are operated out of Boscombe Down by the Empire Test Pilots' School, Heavy Aircraft Test Squadron and the UK open skies mission.

Civil operators

In August 2007 a total of 5 former-military Andover aircraft remain in airline service. Current operators are[1]:


Both former RAF and RNZAF [2] aircraft were later sold to civil operators mainly in Africa.

  • Bionic Aviation (Congo) operates at least one Andover CC2 (reg. 9Q-CLL) currently (2007) on charter use between Johannesburg (Lanseria) and Kolwezi, DR Congo
  • Eureka Aviation bought 4 aircraft from RNZAF for operations in Africa.
  • Eastern Congo Airlines operated at least one Eureka Aviation aircraft.
  • ITAB (Congo) operates at least one ex-RNZAF Andover between Lubumbashi and Kolwezi carrying passengers and limited cargo.
  • Katanga Air bought 2 aircraft from Thameside Aero Services.
Template:Country data Dubai
  • ITAB Cargo bought one aircraft from Eureka Aviation in 1997.
  • Unknown operator bought one aircraft from Gabon Express.


As well as the small numbers of Andovers which are still flying (including three British military examples, the following aircraft are on public display:

XS639 Andover E.3A
Former navigation aid calibration Andover is exhibited in the Royal Air Force Museum.
NZ7621 Andover CC.1
A former Royal Air Force aircraft XS600 sold to the Royal New Zealand Air Force is on display at the Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum in Christchurch.

Specifications (Andover C1)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2-3
  • Capacity: 44 troops or 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) of cargo
  • Length: 78 ft (23.77 m)
  • Wingspan: 98 ft 6 in (30.02 m)
  • Height: 30 ft 1 in (9.15 m)
  • Wing area: 811 ft² (75.4 m²)
  • Empty weight: 25,524 lb (11,577 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 40,000 lb (18,000 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 51,000 lb (23,100 kg)
  • Powerplant:Rolls-Royce Dart 12 Mk 201 turboprop, 3,245 shp (2,420 kW) each



External links

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