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C-76 Caravan

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C-76 Caravan
Type Medium transport
Manufacturer Curtiss-Wright
Maiden flight 1 January 1943
Status Out of service
Primary user U.S. Army Air Force
Number built 5

C-76 Caravan is the United States military designation for the Curtiss-Wright CW-27 medium military transport aircraft.

In 1941 Curtiss-Wright were contracted by the United States Army to design and construct an all-wooden military transport. The all-wooden construction was an insurance against any wartime shortage of light alloys.

The Curtiss-Wright CW-27 was designed to meet the requirements. A high-wing twin-engined aircraft with tri-cycle undercarriage. It had accommodation for 23 persons. The initial contract was for 11 YC-76 pre-production aircraft. The prototype YC-76 first flew on January 1 1943. Further orders for five C-76 production aircraft and nine revised YC-76A were placed by the US Army.

Only 5 aircraft were delivered in 1943, when production was terminated as the shortage of light alloys did not materalise. A proposed order for 175 aircraft was cancelled.


General characteristics

  • Crew: 1-2
  • Capacity: 23
  • Length: 68ft 4in (20.83m)
  • Wingspan: 108ft 2in (32.97m)
  • Height: 27ft 3in (8.31m)
  • Wing area: 1560.05ft² (144.92m²)
  • Empty weight: 18300lb (8301kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 28000lb (12701kg)
  • Powerplant: × Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92 Twin Wasp radial piston engine , 1200hp (895kW) each



  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

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