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British Aerospace 125

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BAe 125/Dominie
Hawker 1000
A Dominie navigation trainer of the Royal Air Force
Type Mid-size business jet
Manufacturer Raytheon (since 1993)
British Aerospace (1977-1993)
Hawker Siddeley (to 1977)
Designed by de Havilland
Maiden flight 1962-08-13
Primary users Royal Air Force
South African Air Force
United States Air Force
Number built >1,000
Variants Hawker 800

The twin-engined British Aerospace BAe 125 is the world's best selling mid-size corporate jet, with newer variants now marketed as the Hawker 800. It was known as the Hawker Siddeley HS125 until 1977. It is also used by the British Royal Air Force as a navigation trainer (as the Hawker Siddeley Dominie T Mk. 1), and was used by the United States Air Force as a calibration aircraft, as the C-29).


In 1961, de Havilland began working on a revolutionary small business jet known as DH.125 Jet Dragon. The first of two prototypes flew on 13 August 1962 powered by the Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet

The aircraft went through many designation changes during its service life. Originally DH.125, it was renamed the HS.125 after de Havilland became a division of Hawker Siddeley in 1963. When Hawker Siddeley Aircraft merged with BAC to form British Aerospace in 1977, the name changed to BAe 125. Then, when British Aerospace sold its Business Jets Division to Raytheon in 1993, the jet acquired the name Raytheon Hawker. The fuselage, wings and tail-fin are to this day fully assembled and partially equipped (primary and secondary flight controls) in Airbus UK's Broughton plant in Wales, sub-assemblies are produced in Airbus UK's Buckley (Bwcle in Welsh) site. All these assembled components are then shipped to Wichita, Kansas in the United States, to where final assembly was transferred in 1996.

Over 1,000 aircraft have been built.


  • DH.125 Series 1 - first production version, 8 built
  • DH.125 Series 1A/1B - upgraded Bristol Siddeley Viper 521 (Series 1A) or 522 (Series 1B) engines with 3,090 lbf (13.8 kN) of thrust each
  • HS.125 Series 2 - military versions
    • Dominie T.Mk.1, T.Mk.2 - (Rolls Royce Viper 301) navigation trainer for Royal Air Force
    • CC.Mk.1, Mk.2, and Mk.3 - liaison aircraft for Royal Air Force
  • HS.125 Series 3 - upgraded engines
  • HS.125 Series 400 - upgraded engines
  • HS.125 Series 600 - 3 ft 1 in (0.94 m) fuselage stretch to increase capacity to 14 passengers
  • HS.125 Series 700 - Honeywell TFE731-3RH turbofan engines with 3,720 lbf (16.6 kN) of thrust each, first flight 19 June 1976
  • HS.125 Protector - Series 700-based maritime patrol aircraft with a search radar and cameras
  • BAe.125 Series 800 - increased wingspan, streamlined nose, tail fin extension, increased fuel capacity, first corporate jet to feature an EFIS cockpit, upgraded engines, first flight 26 May 1983
  • Hawker 800 - BAe.125-800 after 1993
  • Hawker 800XP - TFE731-5BR1H turbofan engines with 4,660 lbf (20.8 kN) of thrust each
  • Hawker 800SP and 800XP2 - New designation for 800A/B and 800XP aircraft when upgraded with aftermarket winglets
  • Hawker 850XP - 800XP with winglets
  • Hawker 900XP - 850XP with Honeywell TFE731-50R turbofan engines for increased hot/high performance and longer range
  • Hawker 750 - 800XP with a heated baggage compartment in place of the ventral fuel tank
  • C-29A - Series 800 for US military designed to replace the Lockheed C-140A, used by the Air Force Communications Service to check navigation aids and communications at US airbases around the world, participated in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm during the First Persian Gulf War.
  • U-125 - Series 800-based search and rescue aircraft for Japan
  • BAe.125 Series 1000 - intercontinental version of the Series 800, 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m) fuselage stretch to increase capacity to 15, increased fuel capacity, Pratt & Whitney Canada PW-305 turbofans with 5,200 lbf (23.2 kN) thrust each, first flight 16 June 1990, 52 built
  • Hawker 1000 - BAe 125-1000 after 1993
  • Handley Page HP.130 - Projected version with boundary layer control wings (not built)


Civil operators

Private operators worldwide.

  • Qantas - Two HS.125 Series 3s were used for crew training. The aircraft were in service from 1965 to 1972.

Military operators

Template:Country data Biafra
Template:Country data South Africa

Specifications (Hawker 850XP)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 8
  • Length: 51 ft 2 in (15.6 m)
  • Wingspan: 54 ft 4 in (16.6 m)
  • Height: 18 ft 1 in (5.5 m)
  • Wing area: ft² (m²)
  • Empty weight: 15,670 lb (7,110 kg)
  • Useful load: 11,790 lb (5,350 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 28,000 lb (12,700 kg)
  • Powerplant:Honeywell TFE731-5BR turbofans, 4,660 lbf (20.8 kN) each


See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists


  • Donald, D.; Lake, J. (editors) (1996). Encyclopedia of world military aircraft.. AIRtime Publishing. ISBN 1-880588-24-2. 
  • Mason, F. K. (1991). Hawker aircraft since 1920. Putnam Aeronautical Books. ISBN 1-55750-351-6. 
  • [1]

External links

Template:De Havilland aircraft Template:Handley Page aircraft Template:US transport aircraft

de:Hawker Siddeley HS-125 fr:BAe 125 ko:금강정찰기 ja:ホーカー・シドレー HS.125 pt:British Aerospace BAe 125

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "British Aerospace 125".