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Sukhoi Su-2

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Su-2 with M-88B engine
Type Light bomber
Manufacturer Sukhoi
Designed by Pavel Sukhoi
Andrei Tupolev
Maiden flight 25 August 1937
Status Retired
Primary user Soviet Air Force
Number built 800+

The Sukhoi Su-2 (Template:Lang-ru) was a Soviet scout and light bomber aircraft used in the early stages of World War II. It was the first airplane designed by Pavel Sukhoi. The basic design received an engine and armament upgrade (Su-4) and was modified for the ground attack role (ShB).


In 1936, Joseph Stalin released a requirement for a multipurpose combat aircraft. Codenamed Ivanov, the airplane had to be capable of performing reconnaissance and then attacking the targets it located.[1] P.O. Sukhoi was working in the Tupolev OKB at the time and designed the "Ivanov" aircraft under the tutelage of Andrei Tupolev. The resulting ANT-51 flew on 25 August 1937 with M.M. Gromov at the controls. Powered by an 820 hp (610 kW) Shvetsov M-62 air-cooled radial engine, ANT-51 reached 403 km/h (220 knots, 250 mph) at 4 700 m (15,420 ft).[1] This was considered insufficient but since the basic design was sound, it was decided to re-test with a more powerful engine. Equipped with a 1,000 hp (745 kW) Tumansky M-87 engine, ANT-51 reached 468 km/h (255 knots, 290 mph) at 5 600 m (18,370 ft) and was accepted into production as BB-1 (Blizhniy Bombardirovschik; Template:Lang-ru — Short-range Bomber).[1] In 1940, the aircraft was renamed Su-2 and the unreliable M-87 engine was replaced with a Tumansky M-88.[1]

The Su-2 was of mixed construction. The fuselage was semi-monocoque with wood spars and plywood skin. The wings were of duralumin and steel construction with fabric-covered rod-actuated control surfaces. The pilot and the gunner were protected with 9 mm (0.35 in) of armor. Tail-dragger landing gear was retractable, including the tailwheel.[1]

Operational history

Although over 800 Su-2s and Su-4s were built, the aircraft was obsolete and underarmed by the start of World War II, and was quickly replaced by Petlyakov Pe-2 and Tupolev Tu-2 bombers. Since the lightened version with an M-88B engine reached 512 km/h (275 knots, 320 mph) in testing, some Su-2 were used as fighters in the opening days of the Great Patriotic War due to heavy Soviet Air Force losses and a shortage of aircraft.[1]


File:Sukhoi Su-2.jpg
ShB ground attack prototype


Two-seat light bomber, reconnaissance aircraft. Original designation BB-1.

ShB (Template:Lang-ru)

A proposed ground attack version with M-88A engine, modified landing gear which rotated 90° before retracting to the rear into the wings. Bomb load was increased to 600 kg (1,235 lb). Created in 1940, the aircraft did not enter production due to availability of the Ilyushin Il-2.[1]


An upgraded version, originally intended for the Urmin M-90 engine with 2,100 hp (1,565 kW), but later fitted with a Shvetsov M-82 (some Su-2 were also fitted with M-82). Due to a shortage of duralumin, the structural elements of the wings were made of wood with plywood skin. Wing armament was changed from four 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns to two 12.7 mm Berezin UB machine guns.[1]



Specifications (Su-2 with M-82)

Template:Aircraft specification


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Shavrov V.B. (1994). Istoriia konstruktskii samoletov v SSSR, 1938-1950 gg. (3 izd.). Mashinostroenie. ISBN 5217004770.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Shavrov" defined multiple times with different content

External links

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sukhoi Su-2".