|British Midland Airways Fokker 100|
|Maiden flight||November 30, 1986|
|Introduced||February 1988 with Swissair|
|Primary users||TAM Linhas Aéreas (19)|
KLM Cityhopper (18)
Austrian Arrows (16)
Click Mexicana (15)
Brit Air (13)
Iran Air (12)
Low operational costs and almost no competition in the 100-seat short-range class made it a best seller when it was introduced in the late 1980s, but improved models of the Boeing 737 and Airbus A319 and A318 affected sales and Fokker became insolvent. Production ended in 1997 with 283 airframes delivered. In August 2006 229 Fokker F100 aircraft remained in airline service with 47 airlines around the world.
The F100 design was announced in 1983 as an updated replacement for Fokker's popular, but outdated, F28 Fellowship design. The most noticeable difference was the much longer fuselage, which almost doubled the seating from 65 in the original F28 series to 107 in a three-by-two single-class arrangement. Fokker also introduced a redesigned wing for the F100, which they claimed was 30% more efficient in cruise. The engines were upgraded to the modern Rolls-Royce Tay turbofans, while the cockpit was updated with an all-glass instrumentation package. The F100 features fuselage-mounted engines similar to that of the Douglas DC-9 family.
Two prototypes were built - the first, PH-MKH, flew for the first time on November 30, 1986, and the second, PH-MKC, followed on February 25, 1987. The type certificate was awarded in November 1987. The first deliveries of the TAY620-15 powered versions started to Swissair in February 1988. American Airlines (75 planes ordered), TAM (50 planes) and US Air (40 planes) were major customers of the F100 and were powered by the more powerful TAY650-15.
By 1991, Fokker had produced 70 units and had orders for a total of more than 230. An extended range version with additional fuel tanks in the wings was introduced in 1993, and a quick-change passenger/freighter version in 1994, the F100QC. A shorter version was introduced in 1993 as a direct replacement for the earlier F28, known as the Fokker 70, which removed 4.70 m of the fuselage and reduced seating to 80. Studies on the 130 seat F130 and the Fokker 100QC (freighter) did not reach further stages of development. A Fokker 100EJ (Executive Jet) has been introduced in 2003 as a conversion from used Fokker 100 aircraft.
Although the design was a success in the marketplace, Fokker continued to lose massive amounts of money due to mismanagement. Eventually their parent company, Daimler Benz Aerospace, shut them down. Fokker collapsed in 1996 and wound up production in early 1997. There had been some discussion about the company being purchased by Bombardier, but the plans fell through.
Like any number of designs, the F70/F100 was being increasingly squeezed from below by stretched versions of the Bombardier and Embraer regional jets, which also killed off plans for the Fairchild JET and an unnamed design from ATR.
Crashes and Incidents
- On 5 March 1993, a Palair Macedonian Airlines F100 crashed near Skopje, Macedonia,in climb, due to icing. Four of the six crew and 77 of the 91 passengers were killed.
- In 1996, a problem in a thrust reverser caused an F100 of the Brazilian airline TAM to crash in São Paulo shortly after take-off, killing 95 and 4 on the ground.
- In 1997, an explosion caused by a person trying to commit suicide fatally blew a passenger out of a TAM Fokker 100 during flight.
- In 2001, two cabin windows shattered on a TAM Fokker 100 due to an engine breakup, and the depressurization killed one of the 82 passengers on board.
- On August 8, 2006, a front door of a TAM flight came off a few minutes after takeoff at the Congonhas International Airport, in São Paulo, Brazil. The cabin had not yet been pressurized and the pilot was able to land back at Congonhas. The door fell approximately 450 meters (1,470 feet) onto the roof of a supermarket, causing no major damage.
- On January 25, 2007, a Régional Compagnie Aérienne Européenne F100 (F-GMPG) overran the runway on an aborted takeoff. Initial reports stated the bird ingestion was the cause of the abort. One person killed on the ground as the aircraft hit a truck. Flight Global report
- Wing span: 28.08 m
- Horizontal stabilizer span: 10.04 m
- Overall Length: 35.53 m
- Overall Height: 8.5 m
- Fuselage diameter: 3.30 m
- Gross weight: 44.5 tonnes
- Engines: 2x Rolls-Royce Tay Mk. 650-15, 15,100 lbf (67 kN) thrust
- Passenger capacity: 85 to 122, 107 typical
- Crew: 2 flight crew, 2 to 3 cabin crew
- Maximum altitude: 37,000 ft (11,300 m)
- Speed (long range cruise): 755 km/h (0.72 Mach)
- Speed (high speed cruise): 845 km/h (0.77 Mach)
- Range: 4,300 km (4,750 km in the ER versions)
- Aero Mongolia
- Air Affaires Gabon
- Air Bagan
- Air Berlin
- Air Niugini
- Alliance Airlines
- Alpi Eagles
- Austrian (In the Austrian Arrows Subsidiary)
- Blue Line
- Brit Air
- Canadian North
- Click Mexicana
- Cosmic Air
- Dutch Antilles Express
- GAE Aviation
- Germania Fluggesellschaft
- Helvetic Airways
- Inter Airlines
- Iran Air
- Iran Aseman Airlines
- IRS Airlines
- KLM Cityhopper
- Mandarin Airlines
- Moldavian Airlines
- Montenegro Airlines
- Pt Caltex Pacific Indonesia
- Pt Pelita Air Service (Indonesia)
- Pt Transwisata Prima Aviation (Indonesia)
- Régional Compagnie Aerienne Europe
- Skywest Airlines (Australia)
- TAM Airlines
- Trade Air
- Tyrolean Airways
- Wayra Peru
Major operators of the 229 Fokker 100 aircraft (at August 2006) include: Alpi Eagles (10), Iran Aseman Airlines (12), Austrian Arrows (11), Brit Air (13), Germania Express (19), KLM Cityhopper (18), Régional (10), Click Mexicana (11), OceanAir (10), SAM Colombia (10) and TAM Linhas Aéreas (22). Some 29 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.
- Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
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