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Fokker E.III

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Fokker E.III
Fokker E.III taking off
Type Fighter
Manufacturer Fokker
Designed by Anthony Fokker
Maiden flight 1915
Introduced December 1915
Primary user Imperial German Army Air Service
Produced 1915-1916
Number built 249
Variants Fokker E.I - Fokker E.II

The Fokker E.III was the main variant of the Dutch Fokker Eendekker (monoplane) fighter aircraft of the First World War. It entered service on the Western Front in December 1915 and was also supplied to the Austria-Hungary andTurkey.

Contents

Design and development

The E.III was basically an E.II fitted with larger, newly designed wings and it was a far greater success than the E.II. It retained the same 100 hp Oberursel U.I engine but had a larger 21.5 gal main fuel tank which increased the Eindecker's endurance to about 2½ hours; an hour more than the E.II. Most E.IIIs were armed with a single Spandau LMG 08 machine gun with 500 rounds of ammunition however after the failure of the twin-gun Fokker E.IV as a viable successor, some E.IIIs were fitted with twin guns.

Fokker production figures state that 249 E.IIIs were manufactured however a number of the 49 E.IIs were upgraded to E.III standard when they were returned to Fokker's Schwerin factory for repairs.

Operational history

File:Fokker EIII 210-16.jpg
Captured E.III 210/16 in flight at Upavon, Wiltshire in 1916.

It was the first type to arrive in sufficient numbers to form small specialist fighter units, Kampfeinsitzer Kommandos (KEK) in early 1916 — previously Eindeckers were allocated singly to the front-line Feldflieger Abteilungen that carried out reconnaissance duties. On 10 August, 1916, the first German Jagdstaffeln (single-seat fighter squadrons) were formed, initially equipped with various early fighter types, including a few E.IIIs, which were by then outmoded and being replaced by more modern fighters. Standardisation in the Jagdstaffeln (and any real success) had to wait for the availability in numbers of the Albatros D.I and Albatros D.II in early 1917. Turkish E.IIIs were based at Beersheba in Palestine while others operated in Mesopotamia during the Siege of Kut-al-Amara.

Operators

Template:Country data Austria-Hungary
Template:Country data German Empire
Template:Country data Ottoman Empire

Specifications (E.III)

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Length: 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.04 m (32 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.49 m (8 ft 2 in)
  • Loaded weight: 349 kg (770 lb)
  • Powerplant:Oberursel U.I 9-cylinder air-cooled rotary engine, 100 hp (75 kW)

Performance

Armament

1 × 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 08 machine gun


References

  1. Winchester, 12

See also

Related development
Fokker E.II - Fokker E.IV Comparable aircraft
Morane-Saulnier Type N

Related lists

Template:Fokker aircraft Template:Idflieg E-class designations

cs:Fokker E.III

da:Fokker E.III es:Fokker E III it:Fokker E.III ja:フォッカー EIII no:Fokker E.III pl:Fokker E.III tr:Fokker E.III


This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fokker E.III".
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